Manufacturing or Production Engineering is the subset / specialization of a Mechanical Engineering. Mechanical Engineering with the focus only on Machine Tools, Materials Science, Tribology, and Quality Control is known as Manufacturing Engineering. Professional manufacturing engineers are responsible for all aspect of the design, development, implementation, operation and management of manufacturing system. Manufacturing is the most important element in any engineering process & Manufacturing Engineers are key personnel in many organization. The manufactured products range from aero planes, turbines, engines and pumps – to integrated circuits and robotic equipment.
The main objective of production engineering is integration of technology with management in planning and controlling the design, development and operation of manufacturing system. Rapid advance in manufacturing technology, with computer controlled process and management information systems that effectively enhance a specialized training in manufacturing and production that cater to the growing requirements of industries both in india and abroad.
Production Engineering is a combination of manufacturing technology with management science. A production engineer typically has a wide knowledge of engineering practices and is aware of the management challenges related to production. The goal is to accomplish the production process in the smoothest, most-judicious and most-economic way.
Production Engineering encompasses the application of castings,machining processing, joining processes, metal cutting & tool design, metrology, machine tools, machiningsystems, automation, jigs and fixtures, die and mould design, material science, design of automobile parts, and machine designing and manufacturing. Production engineering also overlaps substantially with manufacturing engineering and industrial engineering.
Production systems engineering – prepares for taking an active role in developing complex production systems. The work tasks include planning for new or updated industrial facilities, e.g. with purchasing of automation technology and design of efficient production flows. Furthermore, the profile track emphasizes the need for safe and profitable involvement of human resources. Skills in building virtual models of products, machines, cells, and production lines are central as a sustainable way of working for future engineers.
Manufacturing Process Engineering – contains the work tasks to select suitable processes, tools and machines for value adding manufacturing operations in the physical materials. Computer-based tools are frequently used as virtual aids for preparing manufacturing processes such as forming, cutting, casting, and joining as well as planning the manufacturing of polymer and composite materials.
Production Management Engineering – focuses on the management of resources and activities, typically on a factory and/or enterprise level. Important aspects are: to align the production systems design to the strategy of the company, to initiate and manage design and change initiatives in production, to plan and control the effective use of materials and production units to meet customer demands, and to ensure that modern production technologies and philosophies are efficiently implemented.